A Grahan refers to an astronomical condition when one rotating celestial body comes in between the two other celestial bodies. It can be either Surya Grahan (Solar Eclipse) or Chandra Grahan (Lunar Eclipse). A Grahan is said to leave behind negative impacts on every individual’s life and creates numerous barriers, difficult to overcome.
Surya Grahan is the situation when the moon comes in between the sun and the earth. This leads to blocking of light from the sun and thus producing darkness in the sky. It can be of two types: Ardhya Surya Grahan or Annular Solar Eclipse and Purna Surya Chandra or Total Solar Eclipse. As their name suggests, the prior occurs when the moon partially covers the sun, while the latter occurs when the moon completely covers it.
One of the two Solar Eclipse of 2017 will fall on 26th February. This Annular Surya Grahan will be visible in South America, Antartica, Southern Pacific Ocean etc. except India. The timing will be from 17:39 to 23:04. It is believed that Rahu and Ketu engulf the sun to take their revenge.
To reduce the malice effects of Grahan, people perform various activities like chant mantras, meditation, sprinkle holy water (Ganga Jal) all over the house, take bath after the Grahan, keep a fast, daan of money, clothes and the like. Similar to the Chandra Grahan, Surya Grahan also consists a harmful sutak period. The period in which people restrain themselves to initiate any important task like business, marriage, pooja etc. It starts 12 hours before Surya Grahan. But sutak period effects are only applicable to places where the Grahan is visible.
There are also various works which should be avoided during Grahan like not to view the sky, sexual intercourse, consumption of food and drinks, havan and the like.
Surya Grahan badly affects pregnant women. In order to protect the baby and herself, a woman must follow certain guidelines:
1. Chant Santana Gopala Mantra ‘Om Shreeng Hreeng Kleeng Glaung Devakisut Govind Vasudev Jagatpate Dehi Me Tanayam Krishn Tvaamaham Sharanam Gatah’
2. Should not keep a fast
3. Avoid wearing of safety pins, hair pins and jewellery
4. Stay awake during the period
Thus, the Solar Eclipse on 26th February 2017 is no harm as it won’t be seen from India.