Karwa Chauth is considered to be a romantic festival symbolizing the love between husband and wife. Married woman celebrates this one-day festival where they fast from sunrise to moonrise for the safety and longevity of their husbands. The festival falls on the fourth day after the full moon, in the Hindu lunisolar calendar month of Kartik. This year Karwa Chauth will be celebrated on 8th October.
The festival is believed to upsurge the bond between the husband and wife making it indestructible. Fasting is the root of this festival. it is believed to overcome any problem in the life of the practitioners.
· Karwa Chauth is known for its strict fasting observed by women all day along. Therefore, women in Punjab and Uttar Pradesh are awake before sunrise and have their pre-dawn meal. You can eat soot feni with milk in sugar on the eve of Karwa Chauth, which can help you go without water the next day.
· Another ritual that can be practiced is the application of henna and other cosmetics or exchanging painted clay pots filled with put bangles, ribbons, home-made candy, cosmetics and small cloth items.
· In the evening, the celebrants are expected to decorate themselves in embellished attires preferably bridal appearance. Later they receive gifts from their mother in laws.
· The women sit around the image of Goddess Gauri or Parvati with their bayas. Each woman also places a karva or a pitcher full of water and seven pieces of pua in front of her. It is adorned with kharia, aipun and a little roli. A red thread is tied around the karva. At the beginning of the puja, women apply the roli teeka to Goddess Gauri and also to themselves.
· Another ritual is of narrating the Karva Chauth legends to the married women. Any elderly woman, a priest or a widow can narrate the tales.
· Once the moon is visible, depending on the region and community, it is customary for a fasting woman, with her husband nearby, to view its reflection in a vessel filled with water, through a sieve. Water is offered (arka) to the moon to secure its blessings. In some regions, the woman says a brief prayer asking for her husband\'s life. It is believed that at this stage, spiritually strengthened by her fast, the woman can successfully challenge and conquer death.
Karwa or Karak refers to the earthen pot through which water offering, known as Argha (अर्घ), is made to the moon. It is very significant during Puja and can be given as Dan to the Brahmin or any eligible woman.
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