Krishna Janmashtami is celebrated as an annual celebration of the birth of the Hindu deity Krishna, the eighth avatar of Vishnu. The festival is variously known as "Gokulashtami" or "Gupt Vrindavan". The festival falls on the eighth day (Ashtami) of the Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) of the month of Shravana (August–September) in the Hindu calendar. This year Krishna Janamashtami will be celebrated on 15th August.
The significant feature of Janmashtami is to celebrate goodwill and togetherness. This sacred festival is believed to bring people together, signifying unity and faith. In Bhagavad Gita Lord Vishnu said ‘whenever there will be predominance of evil and decline of religion, I will reincarnate to kill the evil and to save the good’.
· Observance of a daylong fasting is a common ritual amongst the households of all the devotees. The practitioners can either observe ‘Phalhaar Vrat’, where you are allowed to consume juices, milk products, tea etc without the intake of cereals once in a day or ‘Nirjal Vrat’, where there is no intake of water.
· The event also involves the ritual of breaking an earthen pot (Handi) filled with buttermilk, which is tied at a convenient height, by making a human pyramid.
· Shlokas, devotional songs, Purana Pravachan should be recited in praise of Krishna all night long.
· The devotees from South India decorate the floor with kolams (decorative pattern drawn with rice batter). Then they draw the footprints of Krishna from the threshold of the house till the puja room, which depicts the arrival of Krishna into the house.
· Another important ritual to be performed is to decorate the swing and place the idol of ‘Bal Gopal’ on it while tying it through a thread or a decorative Gota, in order to keep it swinging.
The time to perform Krishna Puja is during Nishita kala, which is the midnight as per Vedic time keeping.
Parana, which means breaking the fast, should be done at an appropriate time. For Krishna Janmashtami fasting, Parana is done on next day after Sunrise when Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra have ended. If Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra are not over before Sunset then fast can be broken during daytime when either Ashtami Tithi or Rohini Nakshatra is over. When neither Ashtami Tithi nor Rohini Nakshatra is over before Sunset or Nishita Time one should wait to get them over before breaking the fast.
To attract wealth, love and good luck one should perform these remedies on the day of Janmashtami:
Mix 38 grains of black urad dal and 40 grains of rice and bury them in a ground. Also gift a silver flute in a Krishna Temple.
Feed fresh and warm grass to cows and donate money for the preservation of a cow shelter.
Donate food made of milk and curd to poor children; you can donate some money too.
Light a diya under a banyan tree and offer fruits to poor children.